Host Stars and their Effects on Exoplanet Atmospheres , 1st ed. 2019
An Introductory Overview

Lecture Notes in Physics Series, Vol. 955

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Language: Anglais

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Like planets in our solar system, exoplanets form, evolve, and interact with their host stars in many ways. As exoplanets acquire material and grow to the final size, their atmospheres are subjected to intense UV and X-radiation and high-energy particle bombardment from the young host star. Whether a planet can retain its atmosphere and the conditions for significant mass loss both depend upon the strength of the host star's high-energy radiation and wind, the distance of the exoplanet from its host star, the gravitational potential of the exoplanet, and the initial  chemical composition of the exoplanet atmosphere.

 

This introductory overview describes the physical processes responsible for the emission of radiation and acceleration of winds of host stars that together control the environment of an exoplanet, focusing on topics that are critically important for understanding exoplanetary atmospheres but are usually not posed from the perspective of host stars. Accordingly, both host stars and exoplanets are not studied in isolation but are treated as integrated systems. Stellar magnetic fields, which are the energy source for activity phenomena including high-energy radiation and winds, play a critical role in determining whether exoplanets are habitable.

 

This text is primarily for researchers and graduate students who are studying exoplanet atmospheres and habitability, but who may not have a background in the physics and phenomenology of host stars that provide the environment in which exoplanets evolve. It provides a comprehensive overview of this broad topic rather than going deeply into many technical aspects but includes a large list of references to guide those interested in pursuing these questions.  Nonspecialists with a scientific background should also find this text a valuable resource for understanding the critical issues of contemporary exoplanet research.


Why are Host Stars Important for Understanding Exoplanet Atmospheres?.- Stellar activity–phenomenology and general principles.- Magnetic Fields–the Source of Stellar Activity.- Stellar Chromospheres–the Source of UV Emission.- Stellar Coronae–the Source of X-ray Emission.- Reconstructing the Missing Stellar Emission.- Stellar Winds.- Correlations of Observables with Stellar Age and Rotation.- Stellar Space Weather–Connecting Host Stars to Their Exoplanets - Host Star Driven Exoplanet Mass Loss.- Host Star Driven Photochemistry in Exoplanet Atmospheres.- Star-Planet Interactions (SPI)–Real or Imaginary?.- Final Comments and Speculation.
Prof. Linsky's research involves the analysis of high-resolution stellar spectra, primarily in the ultraviolet, to measure the physical properties of stars, the atmospheres of exoplanets, gas in the local interstellar medium, and the abundance of deuterium in the Galaxy. With colleagues and students he has characterized and modelled the chromospheres and higher temperature layers of stars cooler than the Sun including pre-main sequence stars, M dwarf stars, and the host stars of exoplanets. Jeffrey Linsky has published 582 papers in the refereed astrophysical literature with a citation h index of 75.

First topical primer for non-specialists in the field

Written by a leading expert in the field

Includes many figures and tables