Towards an Economics of Natural Equals
A Documentary History of the Early Virginia School

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Language: Anglais
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326 p. · Hardback
The Virginia School economics of natural equals makes consent critical for policy. Democracy is understood as government by discussion, not majority rule. The claim of efficiency unsupported by consent, as common in orthodox economics, appeals to social hierarchy. Politics becomes an act of exchange among equals where the economist only is entitled to offer advice to citizens, not to dictators. The foundation of natural equality and consent explains the common themes of James Buchanan and John Rawls as well as Ronald Coase and the Fabian socialists. What orthodox economics treats as efficient racial discrimination violates the fair chance entitlement to which people consent in a market economy. The importance of replication stressed by Gordon Tullock developing themes from Karl Popper is another expression of natural equality since the foresight of replication induces care into research. The publication of previously unpublished correspondence and documentation allows the reader to judge recent controversy.
1. Why the Virginia School of Political Economy Matters; 2. James Buchanan and the Return to an Economics of Natural Equals; 3. “Almost Wholly Negative”: An Early Reaction to the Virginia School; 4. “The Economics of Universal Education” and After: From Friedman to Rawls; 5. Virginia Political Economy and Public Choice Economics; 6. The Individuals and their Connections; 7. The Role of the Earhart Foundation in the Early Virginia School; 8. The Early Virginia School and the Anti-Democratic Right; 9. Neoliberalism, the Virginia School, and the Geldard Report; 10. Conclusion: Should the Virginia School be Restored?
David M. Levy is Professor of Economics at the Center for the Study of Public Choice at George Mason University. He has published four scholarly books and over ninety journal articles. His most recent book with Sandra J. Peart, Escape from Democracy: The Role of Experts and the Public in Economic Policy (Cambridge University Press, 2016) applies analytical egalitarianism to expert economists.
Sandra J. Peart is Dean and E. Claiborne Robins Distinguished Professor of Leadership Studies at the University of Richmond. She has written or edited nine books, including Escape from Democracy: The Role of Experts and the Public in Economic Policy (Cambridge University Press, 2016) with David M. Levy and Hayek on Mill: The Mill-Taylor Friendship and Related Writings (2015).