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Lavoisier Bokseller: New books in physics
2019-03-01T12:00:00+01:00
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Books in physics just arrived on Lavoisier Bookseller
© 2019 Lavoisier Bokseller
http://www.lavoisier.eu/books/physics/cosmic-discovery/description_3760721
Cosmic Discovery
2019-03-01T12:00:00+01:00
<img src="https://images.lavoisier.net/vignettes/1317140290.jpg" alt="Book's cover:Cosmic Discovery" /><br />Martin Harwit's influential book, Cosmic Discovery, is rereleased after more than 35 years, with a new Preface written by the author. The work chronicles the astronomical discoveries up to the late twentieth century and draws conclusions that major discoveries have often been unexpected, unrelated to prevailing astronomical theories and made by outsiders from other fields. One trend alone seems to prevail: major discoveries follow major technological innovations in observational instruments. The author also examines discovery in terms of its political, financial, and sociological contexts including the role of industry and the military in enabling new technologies, and methods of funding. The challenges encountered by astronomy in the 1980s are remarkably similar to those astronomers face today. Difficulties persist in controlling recurrent cost overruns on planned missions, and in confronting mounting costs in developing observatories for detecting gravitational waves, high-energy cosmic rays, and particles that might explain dark matter.
http://www.lavoisier.eu/books/physics/classical-field-theory/description_3751207
Classical Field Theory
2019-03-01T12:00:00+01:00
<img src="https://images.lavoisier.net/vignettes/1317135053.jpg" alt="Book's cover:Classical Field Theory" /><br />Classical field theory predicts how physical fields interact with matter, and is a logical precursor to quantum field theory. This introduction focuses purely on modern classical field theory, helping graduates and researchers build an understanding of classical field theory methods before embarking on future studies in quantum field theory. It describes various classical methods for fields with negligible quantum effects, for instance electromagnetism and gravitational fields. It focuses on solutions that take advantage of classical field theory methods as opposed to applications or geometric properties. Other fields covered includes fermionic fields, scalar fields and Chern?Simons fields. Methods such as symmetries, global and local methods, Noether theorem and energy momentum tensor are also discussed, as well as important solutions of the classical equations, in particular soliton solutions.
http://www.lavoisier.eu/books/physics/why-trust-a-theory/description_3761237
Why Trust a Theory?
2019-03-01T12:00:00+01:00
<img src="https://images.lavoisier.net/vignettes/1317140586.jpg" alt="Book's cover:Why Trust a Theory?" /><br />Do we need to reconsider scientific methodology in light of modern physics? Has the traditional scientific method become outdated, does it need to be defended against dangerous incursions, or has it always been different from what the canonical view suggests? To what extent should we accept non-empirical strategies for scientific theory assessment? Many core aspects of contemporary fundamental physics are far from empirically well-confirmed. There is controversy on the epistemic status of the corresponding theories, in particular cosmic inflation, the multiverse, and string theory. This collection of essays is based on the high profile workshop 'Why Trust a Theory?' and provides interdisciplinary perspectives on empirical testing in fundamental physics from leading physicists, philosophers and historians of science. Integrating different contemporary and historical positions, it will be of interest to philosophers of science and physicists, as well as anyone interested in the foundations of contemporary science.
http://www.lavoisier.eu/books/physics/modern-condensed-matter-physics/description_4122202
Modern Condensed Matter Physics
2019-02-01T12:00:00+01:00
<img src="https://images.lavoisier.net/vignettes/1317359706.jpg" alt="Book's cover:Modern Condensed Matter Physics" /><br />Modern Condensed Matter Physics brings together the most important advances in the field of recent decades. It provides instructors teaching graduate-level condensed matter courses with a comprehensive and in-depth textbook that will prepare graduate students for research or further study as well as reading more advanced and specialized books and research literature in the field. This textbook covers the basics of crystalline solids as well as analogous optical lattices and photonic crystals, while discussing cutting-edge topics such as disordered systems, mesoscopic systems, many-body systems, quantum magnetism, Bose?Einstein condensates, quantum entanglement, and superconducting quantum bits. Students are provided with the appropriate mathematical background to understand the topological concepts that have been permeating the field, together with numerous physical examples ranging from the fractional quantum Hall effect to topological insulators, the toric code, and majorana fermions. Exercises, commentary boxes, and appendices afford guidance and feedback for beginners and experts alike.
http://www.lavoisier.eu/books/physics/do-we-really-understand-quantum-mechanics/description_3769885
Do We Really Understand Quantum Mechanics?
2019-02-01T12:00:00+01:00
<img src="https://images.lavoisier.net/vignettes/1317145386.jpg" alt="Book's cover:Do We Really Understand Quantum Mechanics?" /><br />Quantum mechanics impacts on many areas of physics from pure theory to applications. However it is difficult to interpret, and philosophical contradictions and counter-intuitive results are apparent at a fundamental level. This book presents current understanding of the theory, providing a historical introduction and discussing many of its interpretations. Fully revised from the first edition, this book contains state-of-the-art research including loophole-free experimental Bell test, and theorems on the reality of the wave function including the PBR theorem, and a new section on quantum simulation. More interpretations are now included, and these are described and compared, including discussion of their successes and difficulties. Other sections have been expanded, including quantum error correction codes and the reference section. It is ideal for researchers in physics and maths, and philosophers of science interested in quantum physics and its foundations.
http://www.lavoisier.eu/books/physics/introduction-to-quantum-mechanics/description_3757043
Introduction to Quantum Mechanics
2018-08-01T12:00:00+01:00
<img src="https://images.lavoisier.net/vignettes/1317138117.jpg" alt="Book's cover:Introduction to Quantum Mechanics" /><br />Changes and additions to the new edition of this classic textbook include: new chapter on Symmetries, new problems and examples, improved explanations, more numerical problems to be worked on a computer, new applications to solid state physics, consolidated treatment of time-dependent potentials.
http://www.lavoisier.eu/books/physics/fundamentals-of-quantum-mechanics/description_3756959
Fundamentals of Quantum Mechanics
2018-05-01T12:00:00+01:00
<img src="https://images.lavoisier.net/vignettes/1317138067.jpg" alt="Book's cover:Fundamentals of Quantum Mechanics" /><br />This book is a comprehensive text in the field of quantum mechanics, covering fundamental concepts including the state of a quantum mechanical system, operators, superposition principle and measurement postulate. The notion of an operator and the algebra of operators are introduced with the help of elementary concepts of mathematical analysis. Mathematical tools developed will help readers in understanding the difficulties encountered in classical physics while trying to explain the experimental results involving atomic spectra and other phenomena. The differential equations that arise while solving eigenvalue problems are solved rigorously, to make the text self-sufficient. The solutions are then physically interpreted and explained. The text offers solved examples, analogous and homework problems to help students in solving practical problems of physics requiring quantum mechanical treatment.
http://www.lavoisier.eu/books/physics/collapse-of-the-wave-function/description_3759151
Collapse of the Wave Function
2018-04-01T12:00:00+01:00
<img src="https://images.lavoisier.net/vignettes/1317139469.jpg" alt="Book's cover:Collapse of the Wave Function " /><br />This is the first single volume about the collapse theories of quantum mechanics, which is becoming a very active field of research in both physics and philosophy. In standard quantum mechanics, it is postulated that when the wave function of a quantum system is measured, it no longer follows the Schrödinger equation, but instantaneously and randomly collapses to one of the wave functions that correspond to definite measurement results. However, why and how a definite measurement result appears is unknown. A promising solution to this problem are collapse theories in which the collapse of the wave function is spontaneous and dynamical. Chapters written by distinguished physicists and philosophers of physics discuss the origin and implications of wave-function collapse, the controversies around collapse models and their ontologies, and new arguments for the reality of wave function collapse. This is an invaluable resource for students and researchers interested in the philosophy of physics and foundations of quantum mechanics.
http://www.lavoisier.eu/books/physics/electrodynamics-and-optics/description_4143382
Electrodynamics and Optics
2019-03-01T12:00:00+01:00
<img src="https://images.lavoisier.net/vignettes/1317376086.jpg" alt="Book's cover:Electrodynamics and Optics" /><br /><p>This engaging text offers an accessible and clear treatment of the fundamentals of electromagnetics and optics, a core part of the standard undergraduate physics curriculum. Starting with static electric and magnetic fields, the book works through electromagnetic oscillations and the formation and propagation of electromagnetic waves, before moving on to geometric and wave optics, optical instrumentation and some discussion of new technologies in optics. The text is written from the experimental physics point of view, giving numerous real life examples and applications of devices. This highly motivating presentation deepens the knowledge in a very accessible way, carefully interweaving theory and practical applications. </p><p>Students are guided through the material with well-chosen examples and case studies, and helpful chapter summaries are provided together with numerous exercises and detailed solutions, all intended to motivate and develop a well-founded understanding of the subject matter.</p><p><br></p><p> </p>
http://www.lavoisier.eu/books/physics/quantum-phononics/description_4144892
Quantum Phononics
2019-03-01T12:00:00+01:00
<img src="https://images.lavoisier.net/vignettes/1317376841.jpg" alt="Book's cover:Quantum Phononics" /><br /><p>This book presents quantum phononics as an exciting new field of research, and introduces readers to the quantum nature of phonons and their application to quantum technologies. Both the theory of and recent experiments in ?quantum phononics,? involving e.g. coherent phonons, phonon squeezing, coherent control, and phonon quantum technologies, are presented. The theoretical background of the generation and detection of phonons is described in a way that will be easy to understand for graduate students and experimental scientists who are newcomers to the field. </p><p> Moreover, the book focuses on coherent phonons produced by ultrafast laser pulses, which can be used for the coherent control of atomic motions in solids and phase transformation. The laser-matter interaction is treated using a density matrix formalism of the time-dependent Schröedinger equation. In addition, the third-order nonlinear optical response of condensed matter is also described.</p>
http://www.lavoisier.eu/books/physics/lectures-on-light/description_3720991
Lectures on Light
2019-02-01T12:00:00+01:00
<img src="https://images.lavoisier.net/vignettes/1317156433.jpg" alt="Book's cover:Lectures on Light" /><br />This book attempts to bridge in one step the enormous gap between introductory quantum mechanics and the research front of modern optics and scientific fields that make use of light. Hence, while it is suitable as a reference for the specialist in quantum optics, it will also be useful to the non-specialists from other disciplines who need to understand light and its uses in research. With a unique approach it introduces a single analytic tool, namely the density matrix, to analyze complex optical phenomena encountered in traditional as well as cross-disciplinary research. It moves swiftly in a tight sequence from elementary to sophisticated topics in quantum optics, including laser tweezers, laser cooling, coherent population transfer, optical magnetism, electromagnetically induced transparency, squeezed light, quantum information science and cavity quantum electrodynamics. A systematic approach is used that starts with the simplest systems - stationary two-level atoms - then introduces atomic motion, adds more energy levels, and moves on to discuss first-, second-, and third-order coherence effects that are the basis for analyzing new optical phenomena in incompletely characterized systems. Unconventional examples and original problems are used to engage even seasoned researchers in exploring a mathematical methodology with which they can tackle virtually any new problem involving light. An extensive bibliography makes connections with mathematical techniques and subject areas which can extend the benefit readers gain from each section. This revised edition includes over 40 new problems (for a total of 110 original problems with an instructor's solution manual), as well as completely new sections on quantum interference, Fano resonance, optical magnetism, quantum computation, laser cooling of solids, and irreducible representation of magnetic interactions. Literature references to current ultrafast science, nonlinear optics, x-ray and high-field physics topics have doubled at the end of chapters 5, 6, and 7
http://www.lavoisier.eu/books/physics/quantum-photonics-pioneering-advances-and-emerging-applications/description_3841175
Quantum Photonics: Pioneering Advances and Emerging Applications
2019-02-01T12:00:00+01:00
<img src="https://images.lavoisier.net/vignettes/1317194279.jpg" alt="Book's cover:Quantum Photonics: Pioneering Advances and Emerging Applications" /><br /><p></p><p>This book brings together reviews by internationally renowed experts on quantum optics and photonics. It describes novel experiments at the limit of single photons, and presents advances in this emerging research area. It also includes reprints and historical descriptions of some of the first pioneering experiments at a single-photon level and nonlinear optics, performed before the inception of lasers and modern light detectors, often with the human eye serving as a single-photon detector. The book comprises 19 chapters, 10 of which describe modern quantum photonics results, including single-photon sources, direct measurement of the photon's spatial wave function, nonlinear interactions and non-classical light, nanophotonics for room-temperature single-photon sources, time-multiplexed methods for optical quantum information processing, the role of photon statistics in visual perception, light-by-light coherent control using metamaterials, nonlinear nanoplasmonics, nonlinear polarization optics, and ultrafast nonlinear optics in the mid-infrared.</p><p></p>
http://www.lavoisier.eu/books/physics/automatic-control-mechatronics-and-industrial-engineering/description_4162505
Automatic Control, Mechatronics and Industrial Engineering
2019-03-01T12:00:00+01:00
<img src="https://images.lavoisier.net/vignettes/1317387993.jpg" alt="Book's cover:Automatic Control, Mechatronics and Industrial Engineering" /><br /><p>Engineering technology development and implementation play an important role in making the industry more sustainable in an increasingly competitive world. This book covers significant recent developments in both fundamental and applied research in the engineering field. Domains of application include, but are not limited to, Intelligent Control Systems and Optimization, Signal Processing, Sensors, Systems Modeling and Control, Robotics and Automation, Industrial and Electric Engineering, Production and Management. This book is an excellent reference work to get up to date with the latest research and developments in the fields of Automation, Mechatronics and Industrial Engineering. It aims to provide a platform for researchers and professionals in all relevant fields to gain new ideas and establish great achievements in scientific development.</p>
http://www.lavoisier.eu/books/physics/statistical-thermodynamics/teraoka/description_2697204
Statistical thermodynamics
2019-03-01T12:00:00+01:00
<img src="https://images.lavoisier.net/vignettes/1316175577.jpg" alt="Book's cover:Statistical thermodynamics" /><br /><p style="margin-top: 0">
This book focuses on applications of statistical mechanics to chemistry,
biochemistry and biology. Equips students with the ability to apply the
method to their own systems, as today's research is microscopic and
molecular. Makes use of plots and illustrations to help students
understand the mathematics necessary for the contents. It includes
practice problems and answers.
</p>
http://www.lavoisier.eu/books/physics/new-trends-in-observer-based-control/description_3822179
New Trends in Observer-Based Control
2019-03-01T12:00:00+01:00
<img src="https://images.lavoisier.net/vignettes/1317183814.jpg" alt="Book's cover:New Trends in Observer-Based Control" /><br /><p><i>New Trends in Observer-Based Control, Volume: 1 Design</i> presents a clear and concise introduction to latest advances in observer-based control design. </p><p>This book gives a comprehensive tutorial on the new trends in design of observer-based controllers for which the separation principle is well established. In addition, since the theoretical developments remain more advanced than the engineering applications, more experimental results are still expected. </p><p>It covers a wide range of applications. The book contains worked examples which make it ideal for advanced courses as well as for researchers starting to work in the field. This book is also particularly suitable for engineers wishing to enter the field quickly and efficiently.</p><br><br><ul><li>Presents a clear and concise introduction to latest advances in observer-based control design</li><li>Offers a concise content to the many facets of observer-based control design</li><li>Discusses key applications in the fields of power systems, robotics and mechatronics, flight and automotive systems</li></ul>
http://www.lavoisier.eu/books/physics/design-and-construction-of-laboratory-gas-pipelines/description_3982454
Design and Construction of Laboratory Gas Pipelines
2019-03-01T12:00:00+01:00
<img src="https://images.lavoisier.net/vignettes/1317287941.jpg" alt="Book's cover:Design and Construction of Laboratory Gas Pipelines" /><br /><p>This new volume, <strong>Design and Construction of Laboratory Gas Pipelines: A Practical Reference for Engineers and Professionals</strong>, focuses on design and installation of laboratory gas pipelines. It instructs design engineers, laboratory managers, and installation technicians on how to source the information and specifications they require for the design and installation of laboratory gas systems suitable for their intended use. </p><p>The current use of specifications predominantly taken from medical gas standards for this type of work is not always suitable; these standards are for use with medical grade gases that have a purity level of 99.5%. The purity levels required in laboratories, however, start at 99.9% for general industrial use through to 99.9995% (Ultra High Purity (UHP)) and higher. Regular medical gas standards are also unsuitable for use with the oxidizing, flammable, and, in some instances, toxic gases that are regularly encountered in laboratories. As need for gas purity increases, the methodology used to design a piping system must vary to meet those parameters, and this reference provides the necessary information and resources. </p><p>There are no comprehensive single sources of technical references currently available in this market, states the author, and the generally supplied specifications provided to the construction industry are usually generic and not specifically targeted for the gases in use. The results provide extremely poor quality designs and, in some instances, unusable systems. With over 40 years of specialization in the industry from project management to systems design, testing, and commissioning of projects with values in excess of $15 million, the author comprehensively fills that gap with this rich resource.</p><p></p>