Explaining english grammar
A guide to explaining grammar for teachers of English as a second or foreign language.

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Language: Anglais
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· 16.5x24.7 cm · Paperback
This is a book designed to help teachers understand English grammar and explain it to their students. Each chapter focuses on a problematic area, for example 'Articles', 'Conditionals', and 'Direct and indirect speech', and includes exercises for the reader and teaching ideas.
Acknowledgments. Preface. 1. Introduction. Overview. Basic Forms. - On terminology. - On being ungrammatical. - On good English. Basic meanings. - 'I am more interesting in English Grammar'. - Why can I say 'I shot the sheriff', but not *'I smiled the sheriff'?. - Linguistic distance. Meanings in context. - Discussion topics and projects. - Teaching ideas. - Further reading. 2. Articles. Overview. Basic forms. - An article machine. Basic meanings. - Countability. - Singular or plural?. - Individuation. - Conceptual structure: classifying and identifying. Meanings in context. - Already given: anaphoric and cataphoric (the). - Clearly given (zero article). - A note on a new article. - Discussion topics and projects. - Teaching ideas. - Further reading. 3. Tense and aspect. Overview. Basic forms. - The basic structure. Basic meanings. - Tense. - Aspect. - Lexical aspect. - Grammatical aspect. Meanings in context. - In a magazine article. - In academic writing. - In narratives. - In a news report. - In spoken discourse. - Discussion topics and projects. - Teaching ideas. - Further reading. 4. Modals. Overview. Basic forms. - The simple modals. Basic meanings. - Epistemic modality. - Root modality. - Necessary and possible. Meanings in context. - The potential of can. - The possibility of may. - The necessity of must. - The likelihood of will. - The requirements of should. - Negation and modals. - Discussion topics and projects. - Teaching ideas. - Further reading. 5. Conditionals. Overview. Basic forms. - Factual conditionals. - Predictive conditionals. - Hypothetical conditionals. - Counterfactual conditionals. Basic meanings. - What happens if ... ?. - What will happen if ... ?. - What would happen if ... ?. - What would have happened if ... ?. Meanings in context. - Restating. - Contrasting. - Listing alternatives. - Giving examples. - End-weight. - Uncertainty and politeness. - Exceptional and concessive conditionals. - Discussion topics and projects. - Teaching ideas. - Further reading. 6. Prepositions and particles. Overview. Basic forms. Prepositions. Basic meanings: prepositions. - Location in space. - Location in time. - Location in metaphor. Particles. Basic meanings: particles. - Up and down. - Off, on, out, and away. Meanings in context. - End-weight. - Discussion topics and projects. - Teaching ideas. - Further reading. 7. Indirect objects. Overview. Basic forms. - Types of verbs. - Basic structures: origins and pronunciation. Basic meanings. - Humans, transfer, and having. - Transfer and not having. - Creating, getting, and benefiting. Meanings in context. - End-weight. - Linguistic distance. - Discussion topics and projects. - Teaching ideas. - Further reading. 8. Infinitives and gerunds. Overview. Basic forms. Basic meanings. - Group 1: verbs with only finite (that ...) complements.