Risk reduction methods for occupational safety and health

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Language: Anglais
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320 p. · 16.1x24.1 cm · Hardback

Innovative, systematic approach to occupational SAFETY AND HEALTH

Integrating the fields of occupational safety, industrial hygiene, and ergonomics, this text enables readers to anticipate industry hazards and implement tested and proven strategies to avoid, whenever possible, or minimize the harm and damages. The author's innovative systematic approach organizes the thousands of hazard control measures in use today into nine fundamental risk-reduction strategies.

Risk-Reduction Methods for Occupational Safety and Health is organized into five parts:

  • Part I, Background, sets forth fundamental principles and defines key terms essential for understanding concepts explored throughout the text

  • Part II, Analysis Methods, describes essential system safety tools for occupational safety and health (OSH) professionals

  • Part III, Programmatic Methods for Managing Risk, explores common components of OSH programs, synthesizing all risk-reduction tactics into nine core risk-reduction strategies

  • Part IV, Risk Reduction for Energy Sources, examines hazards involving kinetic energy, electrical energy, acoustic energy, thermal energy, fires, explosions, pressure, electromagnetic energy, and weather and geological events

  • Part V, Risk Reduction for Other Than Energy Sources, addresses workplace hazards, chemical substances, biologic agents, musculoskeletal stressors, and acts of violence

Throughout Parts IV and V, the author explains how current OSH practices fit within the nine risk-reduction strategies set forth in Part III. End-of-chapter exercises in all chapters help readers apply their newfound skills and knowledge to solving common OSH challenges.

With its unique systematic approach, Risk-Reduction Methods for Occupational Safety and Health is not only recommended as a textbook for OSH students, but also as a reference for OSH professionals around the world, providing them with a new, more streamlined approach to their work.

Preface xiii

Acknowledgments xv

Part I: Background 1

1. Multidisciplinary Perspective 3

1.1 System Safety Contributions 3

1.2 Public Health Contributions 6

1.3 Educational Theory Contributions 7

Learning Exercises 9

Technical Terms 10

References 10

2. Key Terms and Concepts 13

2.1 Hazard 13

2.2 Risk 17

2.3 Risk Reduction 19

Learning Exercises 20

Technical Terms 22

References 22

3. Tools for Analysis and Synthesis 25

3.1 Using Models for Safety Analyses 25

3.2 Using Charting Methods 28

3.3 Summary of Part I 33

Learning Exercises 34

Technical Terms 35

References 36

Part II: Analysis Methods 37

4. Analyzing Jobs and Tasks 39

4.1 Basics of Job Hazard Analysis 39

4.2 Implementation 43

4.3 Example JHA 44

4.4 Hazard Analyses Similar to JHA 45

Learning Exercises 47

Technical Terms 48

References 48

5. Using Risk-Assessment Methods 49

5.1 Risk-Assessment Processes 49

5.2 Example Risk Assessment 58

Learning Exercises 62

Technical Terms 63

References 64

6. Analyzing Failure Modes 65

6.1 Rationale for FMEA 65

6.2 Basic FMEA Methodology 65

6.3 Beyond the Basics 68

Learning Exercises 68

Technical Terms 69

References 69

7. Constructing Fault Trees 71

7.1 Introduction to Fault Trees 71

7.2 Additional Fault Tree Tools 80

Learning Exercises 82

Technical Terms 83

References 84

8. Analyzing Fault Trees 85

8.1 Quantitative Analysis Based on Fault Trees 85

8.2 Identifying Cut Sets 91

8.3 Finding Common-Cause Failures 95

8.4 Summary of Part II 97

Learning Exercises 98

Technical Terms 99

References 99

Part III: Programmatic Methods for Managing Risk 101

9. Incident Investigation Programs 103

9.1 Closed-Loop Process 104

9.2 Policy Considerations 105

9.3 Investigative Processes 107

9.4 Practical Tools for Incident Investigators 110

9.5 Method for Modeling Harmful Incidents 118

Learning Exercises 120

Technical Terms 121

References 122

10. Human Error Reduction 125

10.1 Concepts of Errors 125

10.2 Comprehensive Classification System 128

10.3 Methods for Finding Countermeasures 130

Learning Exercises 131

Technical Terms 133

References 133

11. Risk-Reduction Strategies 135

11.1 Conceptualizing 'Strategies' 135

11.2 The Nine Strategies 138

11.3 Priority for Applying Strategies 142

Learning Exercises 143

Technical Terms 148

References 148

12. Common Components of OSH Programs 149

12.1 OSH Program Aspirations 149

12.2 Training 150

12.3 Warnings 154

12.4 Safety Devices 157

12.5 Emergency Preparedness 159

12.6 Sanitation and Housekeeping 162

Learning Exercises 163

Technical Terms 165

References 166

13. Tools for Managing OSH Programs 169

13.1 Safety Culture 169

13.2 OSH Management System Approach 173

13.3 Ethical Policies for OSH 175

13.4 Summary of Part III 177

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