Teaching american english pronunciation
A textbook and reference manual on teaching the pronunciation of North American English, written specifically for teachers of English as a second Language (ESL)


Language: Anglais
Cover of the book Teaching american english pronunciation

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· 16.5x24.7 cm · Paperback
This is a comprehensive introduction to teaching the pronunciation of North American English. It includes an illustrated description of the sound system of English, ideas for overcoming pronunciation problems specific to fifteen different languages, and a variety of approaches and techniques for use in the classroom.
Preface. Introduction: Preliminary considerations in the teaching of pronunciation. - Biological factors. - Socio-cultural factors. - Personality factors. - The role of the native language. - Setting realistic goals. PART ONE: The sound system of English. 1. Spelling and pronunciation. - The English spelling system. - Sound-spelling correspondences. - Spelling in other languages. - The phonetic alphabet. - Exercises. 2. Individual sounds of English. - How speech sounds are made. - Consonants and vowels. The description of English consonants. - Place of articulation. - Manner of articulation. - Voicing. - Summary. The description of English vowels. - Tongue height. - Frontness/backness of tongue. - Tenseness/laxness. - Lip rounding. - Phonetic symbols for vowels. - Complex vowels (dipthongs). - The vowel /ar/. - The consonant /h/. - Semi-vowels (glides). - Exercises. 3. English sounds in context. Positional variation. - Contrastive sounds of English. - Non-contrastive sounds of English. - Implications for teaching. - Conclusion. Grammatical endings. - The regular past tense. - The plural, possessive, and third person singular. - Grammatical endings in the pronunciation classroom. - Exercises. 4. The shape of English words. - Syllable types. - Consonant clusters. - Exercises. 5. Word stress and vowel reduction. - What is stress?. - Schwa. - Major and minor stress. - Placement of word stress. - Exercises. 6. Connected Speech. Rhythm, sentence stress, and intonation. - The stress-timed rhythm of English. - Placement of stress in sentences. - Intonation. Modifications of sounds in connected speech. - The pronunciation of function words. - Linking. - Deletion of consonants. - Assimilation. - Summary. - Exercises. PART TWO: The identification and correction of specific pronunciation problems. Introduction. 7. Common pronunciation problems. - English vowels. - English consonants. - Stress, rhythm, and intonation. 8. Problems of selected language groups. - Arabic. - Chinese. - Farsi. - French. - German. - Greek. - Hindi and Punjabi. - Italian. - Japanese. - Korean. - Polish. - Portuguese. - Spanish. - Vietnamese. PART THREE: Classroom activities. Introduction. 9. A communicative approach to pronunciation teaching. - Introduction. - Consonants and vowels. - Connected speech. - Suprasegmentals. - Monitoring. - Conclusion. 10. Pronunciation syllabus design: a question of focus. - The zoom principle. - Assessing learner variables. - Collection of speech samples. - Diagnosis of speech samples. - From diagnosis to syllabus design. - Monitoring progress. - Appendix: Student diagnostic profile. 11. Suprasegmentals in the pronunciation class: setting priorities. - Introduction. - Stress/unstress. - Stress and rhythm. - Major sentence stress. - Intonation. - Linking and pausing. - Palatalization. - Conclusion. 12. Pronunciation-based listening exercises for the multi-level class. - Introduction. - Minimal pairs. - Stre