Principles and Applications

Series in Optics and Optoelectronics Series


Language: Anglais

108.54 €

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· 17.8x25.4 cm · Hardback

This self-contained treatment of the principles, techniques, and applications of holography examines theory and practice, image analysis, specialized techniques, and a range of applications of both analog and digital holographic methods. The author, an esteemed professor in the field, describes the nature of holographic and lithographic diffraction gratings and the tools necessary for their design and analysis. Suitable for researchers and graduate students in physics and optics, the book includes exercise problems to enhance understanding.

Basic Concepts
Differences between holographic and lens imaging
Historical background -X-ray diffraction, electron diffraction, ultrasound scattering, Lippmann photography
Overview of applications of holography

Introduction — Terminology
Absorption and phase modulation
Thin and Thick gratings - Bragg condition
Transmission and Reflection gratings
Image properties - image fidelity
Diffraction efficiency
Interferometric and Computer Generated holograms
Recording geometries
Materials used for holography and material characteristics

Basic Holographic Recording Process
Construction, exposure, and reconstruction- real and virtual image
Relation between basic holographic processes and the response of photographic film
Enhanced scattering from a periodic structure - grating equation, grating period
Example - interference of two plane waves using propagation vectors
Grating vector - calculation from propagation vectors -examples

Fourier Analysis of Gratings
Review of Rayleigh Sommerfeld far-field diffraction formulas
Diffraction patterns from rectangular and circular apertures
Fourier analysis of periodic absorption and phase grating apertures
Fourier analysis of off-axis gratings
Different types of holograms characterized by Fourier properties

Image Analysis of Holograms
Exact ray tracing
Aberrations of holographic lenses -basic aberration characteristics
Monochromatic aberrations
Spectral dispersion of gratings
Modeling holographic optical elements (HOEs)

Hologram Recording Requirements
Coherence - temporal and spatial
Temporal coherence of sources with finite AV and At
Visibility, mutual degree of coherence
Coherence, polarization rotation effects on visibility
Coherence of multi mode lasers
Spatial filters
Ideal recording material properties

Coupled Wave Analysis
Kogelnik's analysis
Basic description of diffraction efficiency modeling
Transmission holograms
Reflection holograms
DE of TE and TM polarization
Basic description of other types of approximate models - Raman Nath
Criteria for thin and thick holograms
Introduction to rigorous coupled wave analysis
Sequential and simultaneous hologram multiplexing
Effects of absorption during construction

Holographic Materials —Recent Developments
Silver halide films
Dichromated gelatin
Holographic photopolymers
Photorefractive crystals and polymers

Computer-Generated Holograms
Detour phase
Interferometric encoding
Example problem

Digital Holography
Recording and reconstructing holograms on digital cameras
Resolution and recording requirements
Holographic microscope
Optical sectioning

Optical Data Storage
System metrics: M#, material sensitivity
Fourier transform configurations
Multiplexing schemes
Photorefractive and disk systems
Phase masks
Associative Memory Systems

Other Applications
Fiber Bragg gratings
Spectral/spatial filtering
Security identification
Micro optic beam splitters and beam distribution systems
Optical code division multiple access filters
Spectral/spatial imaging
Solar energy collectors
Effective medium conditions
Resonance mode grating filters

Researchers and graduate students in holography, electrical engineering, physics, and optics.